Safety testing of projectile toys
Simulation testing to verify the kinetic energy produced when firing a projectile toy.
What is a projectile toy?
A projectile toy is a toy that is capable of shooting objects into free flight or at a trajectory into the air.
There are two types of projectile toys:
- A projectile toy with stored energy where a projectile is propelled by means of a discharge mechanism capable of storing and releasing energy.
- A projectile toy without stored energy, where the projectile is discharged by the energy imparted by the child using the toy.
Mandatory requirements for projectile toys
Over the years, there have been a number of tragic incidents which have resulted in children swallowing and choking on projectiles, or receiving eye injuries as a result of using projectile toys. This has prompted ever evolving changes in the toy safety standards and regulations.
Where any toy is capable of firing a projectile with suction cups, such as arrows, darts, or other projectiles, the projectiles must have a length of at least 57mm. This is measured when a projectile is stood upright on a flat surface and under no other pressure other than its own weight.
BVCPS Toy testing methods for projectile toys
Stored energy projectiles with resilient impact surfaces, for example rubber, must not exceed a kinetic energy of 0.5J when fired from a child’s projectile toy.
Rigid projectiles (without suction cups) must not exceed a kinetic energy of 0.08J.
An amendment to the projectile requirements in EN71 part1 is currently going through the CEN approval process.
Suction cups should not detach when subjected to:
90 Newton tension test
If they do detach, they should not fit through the suction cups template as specified in the standard.
Projectiles in the form of darts have specific requirements with respect to their impact area.
Particular requirements apply to bows and arrows with regards to impact area, kinetic energy and kinetic energy density.
Click the image to download the latest Projectile Toy testing brochure
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